1. One of the themes of the documentary was the massive size of Soviet armored forces compared to their German o… Many surviving units are located in Asia and Africa.Popularity was partly due to the thick 45mm sloping frontal armor which was resistant to the panzer IV main gun. They used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the protection. This brutal insight clarified everything about vehicle design, leading the Soviets to embrace a methodology that might be called “The Zen of Shoddiness.”. 3. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. Perhaps the best known fighters of World War II were tanks. The Soviet Union had 25,664[2] or 25,481[3] armoured fighting vehicles on 1 June 1941 before it entered the war. “Lt. True, the tank’s loader had to scramble around inside the hull, because the T-34 had no turret basket in which he could sit. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . Each possessed an existing railroad equipment or tractor factory; the arriving equipment expanded those facilities. Change ). The SU-122 mounted the lower-velocity 122-mm M-30 howitzer, and was mainly used as battlefield assault artillery against infantry. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. When Germany instituted its “Blitzkrieg” tactics, tanks became crucial. Over the course of the war, the Allied countries outproduced the Axis countries in most categories of weapons. Figures are up until the first half of 1945 and only include new production. World War II German Field Marshall Ewald Von Kleist was more succinct. Soviet Union (1943) Heavy tank – 3,854 built A new standard in hell: The IS-2. WW2 in the East - The Battle Of Kursk. From an emasculated industrial base that left the Soviets under-producing Germans in coal and steel by a ratio of one to four, Soviet factories turned the tables, out-producing Germany nearly three to one in tanks during the vital 1942-1943 period. Like the KV-2 it was intended for use as an assault weapon against infantry, but used the cheaper and less exposed Samokhodnaya Ustanovka-designated style of casemate mount. Imperial Russia had flirted with some designs such as the Tsar Tank which was scrapped, and the Vezdekhod (Вездеход) which did not, however, progress further than a pre-production model, due to problems in the design. Building and overhauling heavier armoured vehicles required specialized heavy machinery. The Corps was an organization to assign divisions to for command and control purposes. This video is sponsored by World of Tanks. 12th Guards Heavy Tank Brigade, Dukla pass, Slovakia, September 1944. The British annual production figures of the main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) duringWW2 from 1939-1945: Arms Production: Raw material production for the military weapon production above: Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons): All variants of the T-16 and T-18, the first Soviet tank that entered mass-production. Its firepower, protection, and mobility surpassed any AFV the Germans fielded until the end of 1942. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned. They were both used as heavy assault guns; and both were useful as Anti Tank weapons. The number of workers at the new facility skyrocketed: from 21,000 in 1937 to 40,000 in 1942. And they replaced machined parts with stamped metal components whenever possible. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. Foreign light tanks continued to be delivered under Lend-Lease, but domestic production would be replaced by cheaper armoured cars[citation needed] and the plentiful SU-76M self-propelled gun, which was simpler but packed a bigger high-explosive punch. Many new advancements were quickly generated. Two other regional centers of industrial production were Ukraine and the Donets Basin in southern Russia, near the Black Sea. Stalin signed the order to begin production in April 1940, and by June the first T-34s were rolling off the production line. Indeed, Albert Kahn himself had designed the tractor factory at Stalingrad. The Soviet T-26 Tank served in Spain, Finland, and the early part of WWII. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. 07. StarMedia. It even produced ammunition. The coverage highlighted the role of medium tanks, like the Soviet T34 (Figure 1) and the German Panzer Mk V (aka Panther [Figure 2]), and heavy tanks, like the German Panzer Mk VI(aka Tiger I). T-28 Medium Tank Medium tank (1932-41) Soviet Union -503 built One of the first medium tanks The T-28 is almost a footnote in Soviet tank production compared to its little brother, the T-26. Taking into account that radio sets were established only on the commander machines (i.e. Soviet high command h… Paint jobs were lamentably bad; welds often crude-although the Soviets did experiment with innovative technologies. The origins of the T-34 are simple enough. As the escalation between German and Russian engineers reached a new point with the introduction on the German side of the Panther and Tiger, and the knowledge that something bigger was brewing, the IS-2 was pressed into introduction as soon as its main armament was ready. For these reasons light tank production continued well into the war, even though the medium T-34 was much more cost-effective. During that disastrous summer, the invaders had captured, besieged, or threatened the Soviet Union’s western industrial cities. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Most were driven by standard automotive engines. The importance of these four areas is also reflected in the principal rail lines. But by mid-1941, the German invasion had badly disrupted Soviet industry. Learn how your comment data is processed. T-34 (Soviet Union) This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. Who paid or financed tank,armor,aircraft,war production etc in the Soviet Union during WW2? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Soviet high command had examined and rejected the 100mm D-10s Gun for the IS2, despite its very high penetration, as it was not able to provide the high explosive support needed against soft targets.[32]. The T-35A tank is one of history’s strangest tanks – often seen crawling across the Soviet inter-war era parade squares. ( Log Out /  Fighting versions carried 37mm or 45mm guns or even flamethrowers. The lightest (over two tons) fighter aircraft of WWII, it had impressive characteristics of speed and maneuverability. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . After Voroshilov lost political favour, the new KV-13 model with the KV-85's turret and gun was renamed IS-1 after Joseph (Iosif) Stalin. The Soviets weren’t dummies. By the time the Stalingrad factory finally fell to the Nazis in October 1942, the new Ural plants were going full tilt. In the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that Soviet industrial production was far superior to the capitalist alternatives. This battle may have been the greatest clash of armored forces in history. While it’s easy to ridicule the simple, sometimes shoddy, weapons the Soviets cranked out, it’s difficult to escape the conclusion that the philosophy underlying the Russian manufacturing approach was nothing less than brilliant. In a manufactured product, it makes no sense to have subcomponents that last longer than the product itself. Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which … The 122s D25 Gun could penetrate almost any German tank, and the 152s ML20 had long been used against enemy armour; although it had a low velocity, the massive shell could inflict considerable damage through concussive effects. In May 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the production of 185,000 aeroplanes,120,000 tanks, 55,000 anti-aircraft guns and 18 million tons of merchant shipping in two years. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. 1. Captain Offline Posts: 1320 Co-founder of WaT. IS-85 from the 8th or 13th Guards Heavy Tank Regiment, Ukraine, December 1943. 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